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The chloride ion is formed when the element chlorine picks up one electron to form an anion (negatively-charged ion) Cl-. The salts of hydrochloric acid HCl contain chloride ions and can also be called chlorides. An example is table salt, which is sodium chloride with the chemical formula NaCl. In water, it dissolves into Na+ and Cl- ions.
The word chloride can also refer to a chemical compound in which one or more chlorine atoms are covalently bonded in the molecule. This means that chlorides can be either inorganic or organic compounds. The simplest example of an inorganic covalently-bonded chloride is hydrogen chloride, HCl.
|Formula: ||BaCl2 : 2 H2O ||Description: ||Colorless White Crystal |
|Assay: ||98.00% ||Grade: ||Hydrous |
|Free Iron: ||0.15% ||Free Carbonate: ||0.05% |
|Free Sulfide as S: ||0.01% ||Water Insoluble Matter: ||0.10% |
|Inhalation: ||Ingestion: |
|Granular material does not pose a significant inhalation hazard, but inhalation of dust may cause irritation to the respiratory tract, with symptoms of coughing and shortness of breath. ||Low toxicity material but ingestion may cause serious irritation of the mucous membrane due to heat of hydrolysis. Large amounts can cause gastrointestinal upset, vomiting, abdominal pain. |
|Fire Extinguishing Media: ||Special Information: |
|Water, dry chemical, foam or carbon dioxide. Do not allow water runoff to enter sewers or waterways. ||In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full facepiece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode. |
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CHEMICALS BY ALPHABET