Tetrafluoroborate is the anion BF4−. This tetrahedral species is isoelectronic with many stable and important species including tetrafluoromethane, CF4, and the closely related anion perchlorate, ClO4−. It arises by the reaction of fluoride salts with the Lewis acid BF3 or by treatment of tetrafluoroboric acid with base.
Cadmium fluoroborate acts as a weakly acidic inorganic salt, which is soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydrogen ions and have pH's of less than 7.0. They react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Many of these compounds catalyze organic reactions.
Fluoroboric acid is used in plating circuits; metal finishing; electropolishing of aluminium and its alloy; component of galvanic baths; organic synthesis as catalyst for alkylations and polymerisation; stabilisation of diazo salts; manufacturing of inorganic fluoroborate salts.
Causes severe irritation and burns. May Be harmful if swallowed. Avoid breathing vapor or dust. Use with adequate ventilation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothes. Wash thoroughly after handling. Keep container closed.