Diethyl malonate, also known as DEM, is the diethyl ester of malonic acid. It occurs naturally in grapes and strawberries as a colourless liquid with an apple-like odour, and is used in perfumes. It is also used to synthesize other compounds such as barbiturates, artificial flavourings, vitamin B1, and vitamin B6.
Dimethyl malonate is a di ester derivative of malonic acid. It is a common reagent for organic synthesis. It is used in the malonic ester synthesis.