Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl) effect pigments are produced by hydrolysis of very acidic bismuth salt solutions in the presence of chloride. The crystal quality can be adjusted by the chosen reaction parameters, such as bismuth salt concentration, temperature, pH-value, reactor geometry, and addition of surfactants.
Phosgene is the chemical compound with the formula COCl2. This colorless gas gained infamy as a chemical weapon during World War I, and is also a valued industrial reagent and building block in organic synthesis. In low concentrations, its odor resembles freshly cut hay or grass.
Copper(I) chloride, commonly called cuprous chloride, is the lower chloride of copper, with the formula CuCl. This colorless solid is a versatile precursor to other copper compounds, including some of commercial significance. It occurs naturally as the rare mineral nantokite. Unlike other first-row transition metal halides, it forms stable complexes with carbon monoxide.
Phosphoryl chloride (commonly called phosphorus oxychloride) is a colourless liquid with the formula POCl3. It hydrolyses in moist air to phosphoric acid to release choking fumes of hydrogen chloride. It is manufactured industrially on a large scale from phosphorus trichloride and oxygen or phosphorus pentoxide. It is mainly used to make phosphate esters such as tricresyl phosphate.
It is yellow colored material.
Cement made by adding a magnesium chloride solution to magnesia; used for interior flooring. Also known as magnesia cement.
Zirconyl chloride is an inorganic compound with the empirical formula Zr(OH)2(H2O)4Cl2. This colourless salt is formed upon hydrolysis of zirconium tetrachloride. It is one of the most commonly encountered water-soluble derivatives of zirconium.
A white crystalline solid used as a bactericide, fungicide, and bleaching agent.